Ukaz, Majanna and Dhul-Majaz, Markets From Jahiliyyah

Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas (raa): ‘Ukaz, Majanna and Dhul-Majaz were market-places in the Pre-lslamic period of ignorance (Jahiliyyah).

When Islam came, Muslims felt that marketing there might be a sin. So, the Divine Inspiration came:

Al Baqarah – Surah 2. The Cow

[2:198] “There is no harm for you to seek the bounty of your Lord (in the seasons of Hajj).”

Ibn ‘Abbas recited the Verse in this way.

Sales and Trade – Sahih Bukhari: Book 34: Volume 3, Book 34, Number 266

Uthman ibn Affan, Quraishi, The Language of Quran

Narrated Anas (raa): Uthman (raa) called Zaid bin Thabit (raa), Abdullah bin Az-Zubair (raa), Said bin Al-‘As (raa) and ‘AbdurRahman bin Al-Harith bin Hisham (raa), and then they wrote the manuscripts of the Holy Qur’an in the form of book in several copies.

‘Uthman (raa) said to the three Quraishi persons. " If you differ with Zaid bin Thabit (raa) on any point of the Quran, then write it in the language of Quraish, as the Quran was revealed in their language."

So they acted accordingly. (Zaid bin Thabit (raa) was an Ansari and not from Quraish ).

Virtues and Merits of the Prophet (saws) and his Companions – Sahih Bukhari: Volume 4, Book 56, Number 709

Fatima, Prophecy of Death, Saddness & Joy

Narrated ‘Aisha (raa): The Prophet (saws) called his daughter Fatima (raa) during his illness in which he died, and told her a secret whereupon she wept.

Then he called her again and told her a secret whereupon she laughed.

When I asked her about that, she replied, "The Prophet (saws) spoke to me in secret and informed me that he would die in the course of the illness during which he died, so I wept. He again spoke to me in secret and informed me that I would be the first of his family to follow him (after his death) and on that I laughed."

Companions of the Prophet – Sahih Bukhari: Volume 5, Book 57, Number 62

Bilal Habashi And Hijra, Life in Yathrib

After Abu Bakr Siddiq (raa) emancipated Bilal (raa) from Umaiya Bin Khalaf, he appointed Bilal (raa) as his own store-keeper and later he came to serve to the Messenger of Allah (saws). When the Holy Prophet (saws) granted permission to his companions to migrate, Bilal (raa), along with the other companions of the Holy Prophet (saws), migrated to Yathrib, which would eventually be known as Medina, which in Arabic means "City".

Once in Medina, Bilal (raa) struggled when ever he was separated from the Messanger of Allah (saws) even though he had lived in the same house with the Prophets (saws) Khalil (intimate friend), Abu Bakr Siddiq and Aamir bin-Fahria (raa).

Due to his personal struggle of seperation, just as he did in Mecca, Bilal ibn Rabah (raa) would always accompany the Prophet (saws) on all the journeys he undertook as well as being involved in all the battles that look place during the Prophets (saws) lifetime.

The Hijra to Medina also brought on a new level of unity between the Muslims, the Messenger of Allah (saws) established the bond of brotherhood between the Muhajireen (Migrants) and Ansar (Helpers, Supporters). It was also at this time that Bilal (raa) a Muhajireen and Abu Rouwaiha, one of the Ansar (raa), became brothers unto each other.

Al-Hasan bin Ali And Mu’awiya ibn ‘Abi Sufyan Make Peace

Narrated Al-Hasan Al-Basri (raa): By Allah, Al-Hasan bin Ali (raa) led large battalions like mountains against Muawiya (raa). Amr bin Al-As said (to Muawiya (raa)), "I surely see battalions which will not turn back before killing their opponents."

Muawiya (raa) who was really the best of the two men said to him, "O ‘Amr! If these killed those and those killed these, who would be left with me for the jobs of the public, who would be left with me for their women, who would be left with me for their children?"

Then Muawiya (raa) sent two Quraishi men from the tribe of ‘Abd-i-Shams called ‘Abdur Rahman bin Sumura and Abdullah bin ‘Amir bin Kuraiz to Al-Hasan saying to them, "Go to this man (i.e. Al-Hasan) and negotiate peace with him and talk and appeal to him."

So, they went to Al-Hasan and talked and appealed to him to accept peace.

Al-Hasan said, "We, the offspring of ‘Abdul Muttalib, have got wealth and people have indulged in killing and corruption (and money only will appease them)."

They said to Al-Hasan, "Muawiya offers you so and so, and appeals to you and entreats you to accept peace."

Al-Hasan said to them, "But who will be responsible for what you have said?"

They said, "We will be responsible for it."

So, what-ever Al-Hasan asked they said, "We will be responsible for it for you."

So, Al-Hasan concluded a peace treaty with Muawiya (raa).

Al-Hasan (Al-Basri) said: I heard Abu Bakr (raa) saying, "I saw Allah’s Apostle (saws) on the pulpit and Al-Hasan bin ‘Ali was by his side. The Prophet (saws) was looking once at the people and once at Al-Hasan bin ‘Ali saying, ‘This son of mine is a Saiyid (i.e. a noble) and may Allah make peace between two big groups of Muslims through him."

Peacemaking – Sahih Bukhari: Volume 3, Book 49, Number 867

Anas bin Malik, Witness to the Verse Of Al-Hijab, The Veil

Narrated Anas bin Malik (raa): I was ten years old when Allah’s Apostle (saws) arrived at Medina. My mother and aunts used to urge me to serve the Prophet (saws) regularly, and I served him for ten years.

When the Prophet (saws) died I was twenty years old, and I knew about the order of Al-Hijab (veiling of ladies) more than any other person when it was revealed.

It was revealed for the first time when Allah’s Apostle (saws) had consummated his marriage with Zainab bint Jahsh (raa).

When the day dawned, the Prophet (saws) was a bridegroom and he invited the people to a banquet, so they came, ate, and then all left except a few who remained with the Prophet (saws) for a long time.

The Prophet (saws) got up and went out, and I too went out with him so that those people might leave too.

The Prophet (saws) proceeded and so did I, till he came to the threshold of ‘Aisha’s dwelling place. Then thinking that these people have left by then, he returned and so did I along with him till he entered upon Zainab and behold, they were still sitting and had not gone.

So the Prophet (saws) again went away and I went away along with him. When we reached the threshold of ‘Aisha’s dwelling place, he thought that they had left, and so he returned and I too, returned along with him and found those people had left.

Then the Prophet (saws) drew a curtain between me and him, and the Verses of Al-Hijab 1 were revealed.

Wedlock, Marriage (Nikaah) – Sahih Bukhari: Volume 7, Book 62, Number 95

Al Ahzâb – Surah 33. The Clans, The Coalition

[33:59] "O Prophet! Tell thy wives and daughters, and the believing women, that they should cast their outer garments over their persons (when abroad): that is most convenient, that they should be known (as such) and not molested. And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful."

Abu Bakr’s Slacking Robe, Dangers of Pride

Narrated Abdullah bin Umar (raa): That Allah’s Apostle (saws) said, "Allah will not look on the Day of Judgment at him who drags his robe (behind him) out of pride."

Abu Bakr (raa) said "One side of my robe slacks down unless I get very cautious about it."

Allah’s Apostle (saws) said, "But you do not do that with pride."

Companions of the Prophet – Sahih Bukhari: Volume 5, Book 57, Number 17

Zainab bint Jahsh, The Longest Hand, A Lesson in Charity

Narrated ‘Aisha (raa): Some of the wives of the Prophet (saws) asked him, "Who amongst us will be the first to follow you (i.e. die after you)?"

He said, "Whoever has the longest hand." So they started measuring their hands with a stick and Sauda’s (raa) hand turned out to be the longest.

When Zainab bint Jahsh (raa) died first of all in the caliphate of ‘Umar (raa), we came to know that the long hand was a symbol of practicing charity, so she was the first to follow the Prophet (saws) and she used to love to practice charity. Sauda (raa) died later in the caliphate of Muawiya (raa).

Obligatory Charity Tax (Zakat) – Sahih Bukhari: Volume 2, Book 24, Number 501

Abdullah bin Ubai, The Prophets Donkey Smell & The Teachings of Peace

Narrated Anas (raa): It was said to the Prophet (saws) "Would that you see Abdullah bin Ubai."

So, the Prophet (saws) went to him, riding a donkey, and the Muslims (raa) accompanied him, walking on salty barren land.

When the Prophet (saws) reached ‘Abdullah bin Ubai, the latter said, "Keep away from me! By Allah, the bad smell of your donkey has harmed me."

On that an Ansari man (raa) said (to ‘Abdullah), "By Allah! The smell of the donkey of Allah’s Apostle is better than your smell."

On that a man from ‘Abdullah’s tribe got angry for ‘Abdullah’s sake, and the two men abused each other which caused the friends of the two men to get angry, and the two groups started fighting with sticks, shoes and hands.

We were informed that the following Divine Verse was revealed (in this concern):– "And if two groups of Believers fall to fighting then, make peace between them." (49.9)

Peacemaking – Sahih Bukhari: Volume 3, Book 49, Number 856