Qualities of the Faithful Believers and Their Refinement

Al Fath (Victory, Conquest) [48:29]

“Muhammad is the apostle of Allah; and those who are with him are strong against Unbelievers, (but) compassionate amongst each other.

Thou wilt see them bow and prostrate themselves (in prayer), seeking Grace from Allah and (His) Good Pleasure. On their faces are their marks, (being) the traces of their prostration.

This is their similitude in the Taurat; and their similitude in the Gospel is: like a seed which sends forth its blade, then makes it strong; it then becomes thick, and it stands on its own stem, (filling) the sowers with wonder and delight.

As a result, it fills the Unbelievers with rage at them. Allah has promised those among them who believe and do righteous deeds forgiveness, and a great Reward.”

Transliteration:

“Muhammadun rasoolu Allahi waallatheenamaAAahu ashiddao AAala alkuffari ruhamaobaynahum tarahum rukkaAAan sujjadan yabtaghoona fadlanmina Allahi waridwanan seemahum feewujoohihim min athari alssujoodi thalika mathaluhumfee alttawrati wamathaluhum fee al-injeelikazarAAin akhraja shat-ahu faazarahu faistaghlathafaistawa AAala sooqihi yuAAjibu alzzurraAAaliyagheetha bihimu alkuffara waAAada Allahuallatheena amanoo waAAamiloo alssalihatiminhum maghfiratan waajran AAatheeman”

Passion For Greeting (Salaam – Peace), Father Of The Belly

Yahya (raa) related to me from Malik (raa) from Ishaq ibn Abdullah ibn Abi Talha (raa) that at-Tufayl ibn Ubayy ibn Kab (raa) told him that he visited Abdullah ibn Umar (raa) one morning and went out with him to the market, and when they were out, Abdullah ibn Umar (raa) did not pass by anyone selling poor merchandise or selling commodities or a needy person or anyone but that he greeted them.

At-Tufayl (raa) said, I came to Abdullah ibn Umar (raa) one day and he asked me to follow him to the market. I said to him, “What will you do in the market if you will not stop to sell nor seek any goods or barter with them or sit in any of the assemblies or market?”

Abdullah ibn Umar (raa) said that we should sit down and talk, and then he explained, “Abu Batni (raa), (lit. father of the belly, at-Tufayl had a prominent stomach), we go out in the morning only for the sake of the greeting. We greet whomever we meet.”

Greetings – Malik’s Muwatta: Book 53 : Hadith 53.3.6

Commentary: The Book of Greetings

Excellence of Promoting Greetings

Riyadh as-Saaliheen (The Gardens of the Righteous), by Imam an-Nawawi

This Hadith highlights ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar’s (raa) passion for promoting Salam which is a practice of Sunnah. Secondly, we can call a person by his epithetic name provided he is not offended by it.

Slander & Backbiting

Abu Huraira (raa) reported Allah’s Messenger (saws) as saying: “Do you know what is backbiting?”

They (the Companions) (raa) said: “Allah and His Messenger know best”.

Thereupon he (the Holy Prophet) (saws) said: “Backbiting implies your talking about your brother in a manner which he does not like.”

It was said to him (saws): “What is your opinion about this that if I actually find (that failing) in my brother which I made a mention of?”

He said (saws): “If (that failing) is actually found (in him) what you assert, you in fact backbited him, and if that is not in him it is a slander.”

The Book of Virtue, Good Manners and Joining of the Ties of Relationship (Kitab Al-Birr was-Salat-I-wa’l-Adab) – Sahih Muslim: Book 32, Number 6265

Commentary: The Book of Prohibited Actions – Exaltation of Modesty

The Prohibition of Backbiting and the Commandment of Guarding one’s Tongue

Riyadh as-Saaliheen (The Gardens of the Righteous), by Imam an-Nawawi

This Hadith elaborates the meaning of backbiting and calumny and points out the difference between the two along with the evils of each one of them. Both these evils are mischief of the tongue and entail great troubles. May Allah save us from both.

Haya’ (Shyness), Part of Iman

Bukhari

Narrated ‘Abdullah (bin ‘Umar) (raa) : Once Allah’s Apostle (saws) passed by an Ansari (man) who was admonishing to his brother regarding Haya’ (shyness). On that Allah’s Apostle (saws) said, “Leave him as Haya’ (shyness) is a part of faith.”

Belief – Sahih Bukhari: Volume 1, Book 2, Number 24 Continue reading Haya’ (Shyness), Part of Iman

Umar ibn Al-Khattab, Muhaddithun (Guess the Future)

Narrated Abu Huraira (Radiallahu Anhu – may Allah be pleased with him): The Prophet (saws: Sall-allahu alayhi wa sallam) said, “Amongst the people preceding you there used to be ‘Muhaddithun’ (i.e. persons who can guess things that come true later on, as if those persons have been inspired by a divine power), and if there are any such persons amongst my followers, it is ‘Umar bin Al-Khattab (Radiallahu Anhu – may Allah be pleased with him).”

Virtues and Merits of the Prophet (pbuh) and his Companions – Sahih Bukhari: Volume 4, Book 56, Number 675

The Name of Al-Ansar & Their Deeds

Narrated Ghailan bin Jarir (Radiallahu Anhu – may Allah be pleased with him): I asked Anas (Radiallahu Anhu – may Allah be pleased with him), “Tell me about the name ‘Al-Ansar.; Did you call yourselves by it or did Allah call you by it?” He (Radiallahu Anhu – may Allah be pleased with him) said, “Allah called us by it.”

We used to visit Anas (Radiallahu Anhu – may Allah be pleased with him) (at Basra) and he used to narrate to us the virtues and deeds of the Ansar (Radiallahu Anhu – may Allah be pleased with them), and he used to address me or a person from the tribe of Al-Azd and say, “Your tribe did so-and-so on such-and-such a day.”

Merits of the Helpers in Madinah (Ansaar) – Sahih Bukhari: Volume 5, Book 58, Number 120

Khadijah al-Kubra (Khadija the great), Family Life

Khadijah bint Khuwaylid or Khadijah al-Kubra (Khadija the great) (Radiallahu Anha) was born in the year 555 AD and belonged to the Qurayshi clan of Banu Hashim of the tribe of Banu Asad.

Her father, Khuwaylid ibn Asad belonged to the Abd al-`Uzza clan of the tribe of Quraysh and was one of the most honored leaders of the tribe of Banu Hashimn. His business talents and success as a merchant brought him vast wealth which allowed Khadijah to grew up in the lap of luxury until his death in 585 AD at the famous battle of Fujjar.

Khadija’s mother, who died around 575 A.D., was Fatima bint Za’ida ibn al-Asam of Banu `Amir ibn Luayy ibn Ghalib, a distant relative of Prophet Muhammad (saws: Sall-allahu alayhi wa sallam).

Ali bin Abi Talib, Dua For A Dead Companion

Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas (raa: Radiallahu Anhu): While I was standing amongst the people who were invoking Allah for Umar bin Al-Khattab (raa: Radiallahu Anhu) who was lying (dead) on his bed, a man behind me rested his elbows on my shoulder and said,

“(O ‘Umar!) May Allah bestow His Mercy on you. I always hoped that Allah will keep you with your two companions (raa: Radiallahu Anhu), for I often heard Allah’s Apostle (saws: Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam) saying, “I (raa: Radiallahu Anhu), Abu Bakr (raa: Radiallahu Anhu) and ‘Umar (raa: Radiallahu Anhu) were (somewhere).”

“I (raa: Radiallahu Anhu), Abu Bakr (raa: Radiallahu Anhu) and ‘Umar (raa: Radiallahu Anhu) did (something).”

“I (raa: Radiallahu Anhu), Abu Bakr (raa: Radiallahu Anhu) and ‘Umar (raa: Radiallahu Anhu) set out.’ So I hoped that Allah will keep you with both of them.”

I turned back to see that the speaker was Ali bin Abi Talib.

Companions of the Prophet – Sahih Bukhari: Volume 5, Book 57, Number 26