The First Muazzin Of Islam, Bilal Habashi

During all the Prophets (saws) journeys, Bilal ibn Rabah (raa) was by his side and because of his precedence in embracing Islam, his rich melodious voice and excellent utterance of Quran he was appointed the first Muazzin of Islam. He was the most preferred over all other Muazzins during the Prophets (saws) lifetime and remained in this post at Al-Masjid al-Nabawi (the Mosque of the Prophet) until the Messangers (saws) Death in 10 A.H. (632 A.D.) (Anno Hegirae – year of Hijra).

Bilal (raa) use to announce the Athan (Call to Prayer) especially for the Messanger of Allah (saws) whom he cherished with such deep love by standing next to the door of the Prophets (saws) room shouting "Hasten to the prayer, Hasten to well-being. O Messenger of Allah, prayer.", in response to which the Prophet (saws) would arrive for prayer and Bilal (raa) would announce the Iqama (second call to prayer) before the prayers commenced. It’s because of this personal connection and honour that at the time of the Prophets (saws) passing Bilal (raa) could no longer bear the thought of announcing the call, so he decided to give up announcing the Athan a few days after the demise of Allah’s Apostle (saws) by requesting that Abu Bakr Siddiq (saws) the Caliph release him from his duty of Muazzin and allow him to join the Muhjahideen (strugglers) in Syria.

Bilal Habashi (Bilal the one from Abyssinia) (raa) declined all future requests to announce the Call to Prayer (Athan) except for once, which sadly was the last Call that, he delivered in his lifetime.

To the present day, some scholars are of the opinion that the Athans rhythmical form of recital in the Muslim world is the same as was originated by Bilal (raa). However, it must be clarified that the Messanger of Allah (saws) had not appointed Bilal (raa) as the Muazzin solely because of his masterly rhythm or melody of the rules but it was his exceeding piety, devotion to worship and regular attendance in the Masjid (place of prostration) that the choice of the Prophet (saws) fell on Bilal Habisha (raa) for the performance of this honourable and important duty.

Umm Aiman, A Pious Virtuous Woman

Anas bin Malik (raa) reported: After the death of Messenger of Allah (saws), Abu Bakr said to ‘Umar (raa) : “Let us visit Umm Aiman (raa) as Messenger of Allah (saws) used to visit her”.

As we came to her, she wept. They (Abu Bakr and ‘Umar (raa)) said to her, “What makes you weep? Do you not know that what Allah has in store for His Messenger (saws) is better than (this worldly life)?”

She said, “I weep not because I am ignorant of the fact that what is in store for Messenger of Allah (saws) (in the Hereafter) is better than this world, but I weep because the Revelation has ceased to come”.

This moved both of them to tears and they began to weep along with her.

The Book Pertaining to the Merits of the Companions (raa) of the Holy Prophet (saws) (Kitab Al-Fada’il Al-Sahabah) – Muslim: Book 31, Hadith 6009

Commentary: The Book of Miscellany

Visiting The Pious Person – Loving Them And Adoption Of Their Company

Riyadh as-Saaliheen (The Gardens of the Righteous), by Imam an-Nawawi

Umm Aiman (raa) belonged to Abyssinia (Ethiopia) and was a slave-girl of the Prophet’s father (‘Abdullah bin ‘Abdul-Muttalib). After the death of ‘Abdullah, Umm Aiman (raa) remained with the Prophet’s mother, Aminah, and took great care in his upbringing. Subsequently, the Prophet (saws) set her free and she was married to Zaid bin Harithah (raa)

This Hadith holds justification for weeping over the death of the pious and also shows that it is desirable to visit such persons to whom one’s friends go to pay respect.

The incident mentioned in this Hadith also shows the love that the Companions (raa) of the Prophet (saws) had for him.

Death of The Prophet, Fatima’s Dua’ For Her Father

Narrated Anas (raa): When the ailment of the Prophet (saws) got aggravated, he became unconscious whereupon Fatima (raa) said, “Oh, how distressed my father is!”

He said, “Your father will have no more distress after today.”

When he expired, she said, “O Father (saws)! Who has responded to the call of the Lord Who has invited him! O Father (saws), whose dwelling place is the Garden of Paradise (i.e. Al-Firdaus)! O Father! We convey this news (of your death) to Gabriel.”

When he was buried, Fatima (raa) said, “O Anas (raa)! Do you feel pleased to throw earth over Allah’s Apostle (saws)?”

Military Expeditions led by the Prophet (saws) (Al-Maghaazi) – Sahih Bukhari: Book 5, Volume 5, Hadith 739

Commentary: The Book of Miscellany

Patience & Perseverance

Riyadh as-Saaliheen (The Gardens of the Righteous), by Imam an-Nawawi

This Hadith shows that it is permissible to express the trouble and restlessness which one feels at the time of death. Similarly, expression of pain and grief in a natural way in the event of someone’s death is also permissible.

To remember the virtues of the deceased is also permitted but it is to be free from wailing and moaning, lamentation and crying, and tearing off clothes, etc. The last words of Fatimah (raa) are also a way of expressing grief and sadness and not a criticism on the burial of the Prophet (saws) because such criticism is prohibited by Shari’ah and no one is exempted from it.