The Prophet and Abu Bakr, At the Feet of the Polytheists, A Trusted Friend

Anas ibn Malik (raa) reported that Abu Bakr As-Siddiq (raa) reported: I saw the feet of the polytheists very close to us as we were in the cave.

I said: Allah’s Messenger (saws), if one amongst them were to see at his feet he would have surely seen us.

There upon he said: Abu Bakr (raa), what can befall two who have Allah as the third One with them.

The Book Pertaining to the Merits of the Companions (Allah Be Pleased With Them) of the Holy Prophet (May Peace Be Upon Him) (Kitab Al-Fada’il Al-Sahabah)

Muslim :: Book 31 : Hadith 5868

Bilal Ibn Rabah (Al-Habashi) Carries The Sutra Of The Prophet

In the 2nd year (624 AD) after Hijra (migration) the Prophet (saws) received some gifts of homage from the Negus, King of Abyssinia. A signet ring, a pair of shoes and an ‘anaza (a short spear), and Bilal ibn Rabah (raa) was given the honour to walk infront of the Prophet (saws) on his way to Salat al-Eid and Salat-Istisqa (prayer for rain) carrying the spear.

Upon reaching the Musalla, Bilal Al-Habashi (the Abyssinia) (raa) would pitch the spear in the ground one or two yards infront of the Prophet (saws) saws.

The Two Festivals (Eids)

Bukhari :: Book 2 :: Volume 15 :: Hadith 89

Narrated Ibn Umar (raa): On the day of ‘Id-ul-Fitr and ‘Id-ul-Adha a spear used to be planted in front of the Prophet (saws) (as a Sutra for the prayer) and then he would pray.

Thus Bilal (raa), along with being the first muazzin of Islam had the honor of keeping the Prophets spear throughout his lifetime. 

Call to Prayers (Adhaan)

Bukhari :: Book 1 :: Volume 11 :: Hadith 606

Narrated ‘Aun bin Abi Juhaifa:

My father said, "I saw Allah’s Apostle (saws) at a place called Al-Abtah. Bilal (raa) came and informed him about the prayer and then came out with an Anza and planted it in front of Allah’s Apostle (saws) at Al-Abtah and pronounced the Iqama."

Umar ibn al-Khattab, Chief of the Believers, A Lesson In Anger

Umar ibn al-Khattab was a man of emotion. His anger came quick but the reminder of Allah, or the example of the Messenger (peace be upon him) cooled Umar’s rage.

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin ‘Abbas (raa): Uyaina bin Hisn bin Hudhaifa bin Badr came and stayed (at Medina) with his nephew Al-Hurr bin Qais bin Hisn (raa) who has one of those whom ‘Umar (raa) used to keep near him, as the Qurra’ (learned men knowing Quran by heart) were the people of Umar’s (raa) meetings and his advisors whether they were old or young.

‘Uyaina said to his nephew, “O my nephew! Have you an approach to this chief so as to get for me the permission to see him?”

His nephew said, “I will get the permission for you to see him.” (Ibn ‘Abbas (raa) added: ) So he took the permission for ‘Uyaina, and when the latter entered, he said, “O the son of Al-Khattab! By Allah, you neither give us sufficient provision nor judge among us with justice.”

On that ‘Umar (raa) became so furious that he intended to harm him.

Al-Hurr (raa), said, “O Chief of the Believers!” Allah said to His Apostle (saws)…

Al A’râf – Surah 7. The Heights

[7:199] “Hold to forgiveness, command what is good (right), and leave the foolish (i.e. do not punish them).”

“…and this person is among the foolish.”

By Allah, ‘Umar (raa) did not overlook that Verse when Al-Hurr (raa) recited it before him, and ‘Umar said to observe (the orders of) Allah’s Book strictly.” (See Hadith No. 166, Vol. 6)

Holding Fast to the Qur’an and Sunnah – Sahih Bukhari: Volume 9, Book 92, Number 389

Commentary: Patience

Riyadh as-Saaliheen (The Gardens of the Righteous), by Imam an-Nawawi

  1. In this Hadith, the word ‘Qurra’ does not stand for the kind of the ‘Qurra’ (reciters) of the present age who are only professional in the art of reciting the Qur’an and have a melodious voice, but what it really meant was the class of scholars who were well-versed in its meanings and implications and who could thoroughly distinguish between the lawful and the unlawful, fair and foul. Such men used to be the companions of the early noble caliphs. It leads to the conclusion that rulers should choose their advisors from religious scholars and not from those who are given to the world and whose sole aim in life is to amass wealth rather than care about the welfare of the people and whose advice is based on selfish motives and vested interests.
  2. Since scholarship and piousness are the foremost qualifications for counsellors and advisors, there is no restriction of age for them.
  3. The ruler should always be very considerate and tolerant.
  4. The ruler should never hesitate from accepting truth and righteousness.

The Family of Bilal ibn Rabah

He is generally known as “Bilal Habashi” (raa), and it is believed that he was not a pure Abyssinian as his features were not identical with those of the Habashi or Zangi. His complexion was not black but dark brown. His hair was not curly, it was thick and he had a sparse beard. His body was tall and slender with a prominent chest. His cheeks were thin and his nose was not snub.

His father Rabah, was an Arab and his mother Hamama, was an Abyssinian slave girl believed to be from Mecca but the majority opinion is that she was from a town between Yemen and Abyssinia called Sarat where a mixed race was known to be. Sarat is believed to be the birth place of Bilal (raa) although some historians claim that he was born in Mecca.