An Ill Sahaba, Saad ibn Waqqas, Giving Property In Charity

Narrated Aamir bin Saad (raa):  that his father said, "In the year of Hajjatal-Wada’, the Prophet (saws) paid me a visit while I was suffering from an ailment that had brought me to the verge of death.

I said, ‘O Allah’s Apostle! My sickness has reduced me to the (bad) state as you see, and I am a rich man, but have no heirs except one daughter. Shall I give 2/3 of my property in charity?’ 

He said, ‘No.’ I said, ‘Then 1/2 of it?’ 

He said, ‘Even 1/3 is too much, for, to leave your inheritors wealthy is better than to leave them in poverty, begging from people. And (know that) whatever you spend in Allah’s Cause, you will get reward for it, even for the morsel of food which you put in your wife’s mouth.’ 

I said, ‘O Allah’s Apostle! Will I be left behind my companions (in Mecca)?’

He said, ‘If you remain behind, whatever good deed you will do for Allah’s Sake, will raise and upgrade you to a higher position (in Allah’s Sight). May be you will live longer so that some people may benefit by you, and some others (pagans) may get harmed by you.

O Allah! Complete the migration of my companions and do not turn them on their heels; But (we pity) the poor Saad bin Khaula (raa) (not the above mentioned Saad) (died in Mecca)" Allah’s Apostle lamented (or pitied) for him as he died in Mecca. 

Sahih Bukhari
Military Expeditions led by the Prophet (pbuh) (Al-Maghaazi): Volume 5, Book 59, Number 693
Innvocations: Volume 8, Book 75, Number 384

A Companion, Abu Bakr, Leading the Prophet in Salat (Prayer)

Narrated Sahl ibn Sa’d (raa): There was a dispute amongst the people of the tribe of Bani ‘Amr bin ‘Auf. The Prophet (saws) went to them along with some of his companions in order to make peace between them.

The time for the prayer became due but the Prophet did not turn up; Bilal (raa) pronounced the Adhan (i.e. call) for the prayer but the Prophet did not turn up, so Bilal (raa) went to Abu Bakr (raa) and said, "The time for the prayer is due and the Prophet (saws) is detained, would you lead the people in the prayer?".

Abu Bakr (raa) replied, "Yes, you wish." So, Bilal (raa) pronounced the Iqama of the prayer and Abu Bakr (raa) went ahead (to lead the prayer), but the Prophet (saws) came walking among the rows till he joined the first row. The people started clapping and they clapped too much, and Abu Bakr (raa) used not to look hither and thither in the prayer. However, he turned round and saw the Prophet (saws) standing behind him. The Prophet (saws) beckoned him with his hand to keep on praying where he was. Abu Bakr (raa) raised his hand and praised Allah (swt) and then retreated till he came in the (first) row, and the Prophet (saws) went ahead and lead the people in the prayer.

When the Prophet (saws) finished the prayer, he turned towards the people and said, "O people! When something happens to you during the prayer, you start clapping. Really clapping is (permissible) for women only. If something happens to one of you in his prayer, he should say: ‘Subhan Allah’ (Glorified be Allah), for whoever hears him (saying so) will direct his attention towards him.

O Abu Bakr! What prevented you from leading the people in the prayer when I beckoned to you (to continue)?" Abu Bakr (raa) replied, "It did not befit the son of Abu Quhafa to lead the prayer in front of the Prophet (saws). 

Peacemaking – Sahih Bukhari: Volume 3, Book 49, Number 855

Bilal ibn Rabah Accepts Islam

The clarion call came to Bilal Habashi’s (raa) ears that a man, born of the noblest class in Mecca, who enjoyed exceeding popularity and commanded deep respect from the rank and file was preaching a staunch message of equality of all human beings. The message of the Rabb (lord) who makes no discrimination between the high and the low, the rich and the poor, The Arab and the non-Arab. He was spreading the message that there is only one God and everybody must worship him.

Like a flash of lightning, the thought had crossed Bilal’s (raa) mind, how could a man risk the loss of his popularity and reputation to liquidate class differences in order to put the master and slave equal unless he was the Truthful Messenger and the Prophet of the Creator.

So upon hearing the message of One God, Allah, and the equality of all human beings issued by the noblest personality of the most respectable family, Banu Hashim, Bilal (raa) at once made an affirmative response and declared the testament of faith, the Shahadah, "la ilaha ilallah Muhammadur rasulullah, the is no God but Allah and Muhammad (saws) is his messanger".

The Character of Bilal ibn Rabah

Bilal Habashi (raa) had only one purpose in his life and that was to win the favor of Allah (swt).

He had a heart that was as clean as a mirror in which Allah (swt) had illuminated with the light of faith and endowed with a righteous yet extremist nature. It was filled with the sentiments of affection, sincerity, obedience and devotion.

He loved intensely and hated intensely. He loved intensely, Allah (swt) and His Prophet (saws), and was deeply devoted to Islam, but at the same time, was a staunch foe of the unbelievers and polytheists. He never tried to hide his feelings and contempt for them and their way of life.

It was because of this nature that Bilal (raa) was driven to accept al-Haqq (the Truth) unreservedly, and even though he had invited upon himself torment, he readily responded to the call of Allahs Messenger (saws) when he delivered the Message of Oneness (Tawhid – Unity of Allah).

He endured all kinds of atrocities with remarkable patience and fortitude and remained true to Islam his entire life.

The Family of Bilal ibn Rabah

He is generally known as “Bilal Habashi” (raa), and it is believed that he was not a pure Abyssinian as his features were not identical with those of the Habashi or Zangi. His complexion was not black but dark brown. His hair was not curly, it was thick and he had a sparse beard. His body was tall and slender with a prominent chest. His cheeks were thin and his nose was not snub.

His father Rabah, was an Arab and his mother Hamama, was an Abyssinian slave girl believed to be from Mecca but the majority opinion is that she was from a town between Yemen and Abyssinia called Sarat where a mixed race was known to be. Sarat is believed to be the birth place of Bilal (raa) although some historians claim that he was born in Mecca.

Bilal ibn Rabah and Al-Jahiliyyah (The Days of Ignorance)

He is, generally, known as “Bilal Habashi” (raa), and it is believed that he was not a pure Abyssinian as his features were not identical with those of the Habashi or Zangi. His complexion was not black but dark brown. His hair was not curly, it was thick and he had a sparse beard. His body was tall and slender with a prominent chest. His cheeks were thin and his nose was not snub. His father Rabah, was an Arab and his mother Hamama, was an Abyssinian slave girl believed to be from Mecca but the majority opinion is that she was from a town between Yemen and Abyssinia called Sarat where a mixed race was known to be. Sarat is believed to be the birth place of Bilal (raa) although some historians claim that he was born in Mecca.

In Mecca, Bilal (raa) along with other Muazzins (the one who announces the adhan, pronounced athan, or the call to prayer) of the Prophet (saws), Abu Mahzura (raa) and Amr bin Umm Kulsum (raa) were raised in a well known Quraishi clan called Abu Jamah. That they all were chosen as Muazzins by mere chance or if it was due to melody and harmony of voice is difficult to say.

It is not known with authenticity as to who amongst the tribe of Banu Jamah was the master of Bilal and his mother. Some have written that he was the slave of a noble woman of that tribe, while others claim that it was a widow related to and mistress of Amr ibn Hisham (Abu Jahl, the Father of Ignorance). The most common view that some others have written is that he was the slave of Umaiya bin Khalaf.

During al-jahiliyyah (Days of Ignorance), the members of Abu Jamah were thought to be experts in palmistry (fortune telling through the study of the palm) as well as drawing out lots with the help of arrows. Bilal (raa) had a natural hatred against these customs and practices. He saw that the people in those days were devoid of good morals, kindness and had little values for human life. Deceit had become their second nature and it was shown through their constant dispute with the Quraishi clan of Banu Abd Manaf.

Unable to do anything but live out his bleak days as a possesion with no hope for tomorrow, Bilal (raa) showed the greatest valour and courage as he tended the sheep. camels and other livestock of his masters.

Bilal ibn Rabah Al-Habashi

Bilal ibn Rabah or Bilal al-Habashi (raa) was from the Habash (Abyssinia) area, now known as Ethiopia. He was also known as “Bilal ibn Riyah”, “ibn Rabah” and sometimes he was called “Bilal al-Habashi (Bilal the one from Abyssinia).

Born in the late 6th century, the preferred view is that Bilal (raa) was 43 years old (579 AD) at the time of Hijra (622 AD) but it has been suggested by some that he could have been as old as 53 (569 AD).

One of the many emancipated slaves of Abu Bakr (raa), Bilal (raa) was known for his beautiful voice and was given the honour by the Holy Prophet Muhammad (saws) of being the first Muazzin of Islam.

Bilal ibn Rabah al-Habashi (raa) was believed to have died sometime between 629 AD to 639 AD at the age of 60 and was known as one of the most trusted and loyal sahaba (companions) of the Prophet Muhammad as well as Ali ibn Abi Talib (raa) cousin and son in-law of the Prophet (saws).

His respected stature during the birth of Islam is a perfect example of the importance of pluralism and racial equality in the foundations of Islam.

Sahaba.net Version 2 Promo Video

Al-hamdulillah, our first Promo video for Sahaba.net posted on our YouTube Dawah Channel Sirataal-Mustaqeem (the Straight Path).

Nasheed: The Best of Generations by Mishary Al-Arada

Âl ‘Imrân: Surah 3. The Family Of ‘Imran

[3:110] “You are the best of peoples, evolved for mankind, enjoining what is right, forbidding what is wrong, and believing in Allah. If only the People of the Book had faith, it were best for them: among them are some who have faith, but most of them are perverted transgressors.”

At Taubah: Surah 9. Repentance

[9:100] “The vanguard (of Islam) – the first of those who forsook (their homes) and of those who gave them aid, and (also) those who follow them in (all) good deeds, well pleased is Allah with them, as are they with Him: for them He has prepared gardens under which rivers flow, to dwell therein for ever: that is the supreme felicity.”

Sahaba.net Version 2 Launched

5 Years ago, our brother in Islam wanted to learn how to build websites, and was at that time inspired by a book “Men Around The Messenger” by Khaalid Muhammad Khaalid.

His inspiration drove him to embark upon the task of creating his first web presence combining two of his passions, Islam, particularly his love for the Companions (raa) of the Prophet (saws) and his newly emerging skills as a web developer. Thus Sahaba.net was born. Other sites followed, like Fajr Caller, Holy Names Of Allah, and his highly impressive Quran Flash.

May Allah reward him for his deeds, Ameen

Al-hamdulillah about 1 year after accepting Islam, I had the privilege of meeting my brother in Islam and it was at this time he introduced me to his work.

Fast forward two years, I was seeking a project and the brother and I crossed paths online and I mentioned my desire to help him with Sahaba.net, but to my surprise he was looking for someone to take ownership, as his schedule didn’t allow him to maintain the site.

So it is my honor to embark on the endeavor of Sahaba.net Version 2.

Jazak Allahu khair Akhi,

Your brother in deen.