The Most Generous To The Poor, Ja’far bin Abi Talib

Narrated Abu Huraira (raa): The people used to say, "Abu Huraira (raa) narrates too many narrations."

"In fact I used to keep close to Allah’s Apostle (saws) and was satisfied with what filled my stomach. I ate no leavened bread and dressed no decorated striped clothes, and never did a man or a woman serve me, and I often used to press my belly against gravel because of hunger, and I used to ask a man to recite a Quranic Verse to me although I knew it, so that he would take me to his home and feed me."

"And the most generous of all the people to the poor was Ja’far bin Abi Talib (raa). He used to take us to his home and offer us what was available therein. He would even offer us an empty folded leather container (of butter) which we would split and lick whatever was in it.

Companions of the Prophet – Sahih Bukhari: Volume 5, Book 57, Number 57

‘Aisha bint Abu Bakr, Eid and The Days of Mina

Narrated ‘Urwa (raa) on the authority of ‘Aisha (raa): On the days of Mina, (11th, 12th, and 13th of the month of Dhul-Hijjah) Abu Bakr (raa) came to her while two young girls were beating the tambourine and the Prophet (saws) was lying covered with his clothes.

Abu Bakr (raa) scolded them and the Prophet (saws) uncovered his face and said to Abu Bakr (raa), "Leave them, for these days are the days of ‘Id and the days of Mina."

‘Aisha further said, "Once the Prophet was screening me and I was watching the display of black slaves in the Masjid (mosque) and (‘Umar (raa)) scolded them. The Prophet said, ‘Leave them. O Bani Arfida! (carry on), you are safe (protected)’."

The Two Festivals (Eids) – Sahih Bukhari: Volume 2, Book 15, Number 103

Al-Bara’ ibn ‘Azib, Sunnah on The Day of Eid

Narrated Al-Bara’ (raa): I heard the Prophet (saws) delivering a Khutba saying, "The first thing to be done on this day (first day of ‘Id ul Adha) is to pray; and after returning from the prayer we slaughter our sacrifices (in the name of Allah) and whoever does so, he acted according to our Sunnah (traditions)."

The Two Festivals (Eids) – Sahih Bukhari: Volume 2, Book 15, Number 71

The Companions Learn of Jihad in The Month of Dhul Hijja

Narrated Ibn Abbas (raa): The Prophet (saws) said, "No good deeds done on other days are superior to those done on these (first ten days of Dhul Hijja)."

Then some companions (raa) of the Prophet (saws) said, "Not even Jihad?"

He (saws) replied, "Not even Jihad, except that of a man who does it by putting himself and his property in danger (for Allah’s sake) and does not return with any of those things."

The Two Festivals (Eids) – Sahih Bukhari: Volume 2, Book 15, Number 86

Aisha bint Abu Bakr, Interpretation of Yûsuf Verse 110

Narrated Urwah (raa): I asked ‘Aisha (raa) the wife of the Prophet (saws) about the meaning of the following Verse:

"(Respite will be granted) until, when the apostles give up hope (of their people) and (come to) think that they were treated as liars, there reaches them Our help, and those whom We will are delivered into safety. But never will be warded off our punishment from those who are in sin." (Yûsuf – Yusuf 12:110)

‘Aisha (raa) replied, "Really, their nations did not believe them."

I said, "By Allah! They were definite that their nations treated them as liars and it was not a matter of suspecting."

‘Aisha (raa) said, "O ‘Uraiya (i.e. ‘Urwa)! No doubt, they were quite sure about it".

I said, "May the Verse be read in such a way as to mean that the apostles thought that Allah did not help them?"

Aisha (raa) said, "Allah forbid! (Impossible) The Apostles did not suspect their Lord of such a thing. But this Verse is concerned with the Apostles’ followers who had faith in their Lord and believed in their apostles and their period of trials was long and Allah’s Help was delayed till the apostles gave up hope for the conversion of the disbelievers amongst their nation and suspected that even their followers were shaken in their belief, Allah’s Help then came to them."

Narrated Ibn ‘Umar: The Prophet (saws) said, "The honorable, the son of the honorable, the son of the honorable, (was) Joseph, the son of Jacob! the son of Isaac, the son of Abraham."

Prophets – Sahih Bukhari: Volume 4, Book 55, Number 603

Abu Talha’s Bairuha Garden, Giving Property In Charity

Narrated Anas bin Malik (raa): Abu Talha (raa) had the largest number of datepalms from amongst the Ansars (the helpers or supporters) of Medina. The dearest of his property to him was Bairuha garden which was facing the (Prophet’s) Masjid (Mosque). Allah’s Apostle (saws) used to enter it and drink of its good fresh water.

When the Holy Verse: "By no means shall you attain righteousness unless you spend (in charity) of that which you love." (Al ‘Imran – The Family Of ‘Imran 3:92) was revealed, Abu Talha got up and said …

"O Allah’s Apostle! Allah says: By no means shall you attain righteousness unless you spend of that which you love, and the dearest of my property to me is the Bairuha garden and I want to give it in charity in Allah’s Cause, seeking to be rewarded by Allah for that. So you can spend it, O Allah’s Apostle, where-ever Allah instructs you."

Allah’s Apostle (saws) said, "Good! That is a perishable (or profitable) wealth" (‘Abdullah is in doubt as to which word was used.) He said, "I have heard what you have said but in my opinion you’d better give it to your kith and kin."

On that Abu Talha (raa) said, "I will do so, O Allah’s Apostle!"

Abu Talha (raa) distributed that garden among his kith and kin and cousins.

Drinks – Sahih Bukhari: Volume 7, Book 69, Number 515

Allah’s Messanger and His Khalil (Intimate Friend), Abu Bakr

Narrated Abu Sa’id Al-Khudri (raa): Allah’s Apostle (saws) addressed the people saying, "Allah has given option to a slave to choose this world or what is with Him. The slave has chosen what is with Allah."

Abu Bakr (raa) wept, and we were astonished at his weeping caused by what the Prophet (saws) mentioned as to a Slave (of Allah) who had been offered a choice, (we learned later on) that Allah’s Apostle himself was the person who was given the choice, and that Abu Bakr (raa) knew best of all of us.

Allah’s Apostle added, "The person who has favored me most of all both with his company and wealth, is Abu Bakr (raa). If I were to take a Khalil (intimate friend) other than my Lord, I would have taken Abu Bakr (raa) as such, but (what relates us) is the Islamic brotherhood and friendliness. All the gates of the Mosque should be closed except the gate of Abu Bakr (raa)."

Companions of the Prophet – Sahih Bukhari: Volume 5, Book 57, Number 6

A Lesson in Rights, Salman Al-Farisi Teaches Abu Ad-Darda’

Narrated Abu Juhaifa (raa): The Prophet (saws) made a bond of brotherhood between Salman Al-Farisi (raa) and Abu Ad-Darda (raa)’. Salman (raa) paid a visit to Abu Ad-Darda’ (raa) and found Um Ad-Darda’ (raa) dressed in shabby clothes and asked her why she was in that state. She replied, "Your brother Abu Ad-Darda’ (raa) is not interested in (the luxuries of) this world."

In the meantime Abu Ad-Darda’ (raa) came and prepared a meal for Salman (raa). Salman (raa) requested Abu Ad-Darda’ (raa) to eat (with him), but Abu Ad-Darda’ (raa) said, "I am fasting." Salman (raa) said, "I am not going to eat unless you eat".

So, Abu Ad-Darda’ (raa) ate (with Salman). When it was night and (a part of the night passed), Abu Ad-Darda’ (raa) got up (to offer the night prayer), but Salman (raa) told him to sleep and Abu Ad-Darda’ (raa) slept.

After sometime Abu Ad-Darda’ (raa) again got up but Salman (raa) told him to sleep. When it was the last hours of the night, Salman (raa) told him to get up then, and both of them offered the prayer.

Salman (raa) told Abu Ad-Darda’ (raa), "Your Lord has a right on you, your soul has a right on you, and your family has a right on you; so you should give the rights of all those who has a right on you."

Abu Ad-Darda'(raa) came to the Prophet (saws) and narrated the whole story. The Prophet (saws) said, "Salman (raa) has spoken the truth."

Fasting – Sahih Bukhari: Volume 3, Book 31, Number 189

Muadh bin Jabal, Tolerance in Leading Salat (Prayer)

Narrated Jabir ibn ‘Abdullah: Muadh bin Jabal (raa) used to pray with the Prophet (saws) and then go to lead his people in prayer. Once he led the people in prayer and recited Surat-al-Baqara (Chapter 2: The Cow). A man left (the row of the praying people) and offered (light) prayer (separately) and went away. When Muadh (raa) came to know about it, he said. "He (that man) is a hypocrite." Later that man heard what Muadh (raa) said about him, so he came to the Prophet (saws) and said …

"O Allah’s Apostle (saws)! We are people who work with our own hands and irrigate (our farms) with our camels. Last night Mu’adh (raa) led us in the (night) prayer and he recited Sura-al-Baqara, so I offered my prayer separately, and because of that, he accused me of being a hypocrite."

The Prophet (saws) called Mu’adh (raa) and said thrice, "O Muadh! You are putting the people to trials? Recite ‘Wash-shamsi wad-uhaha’ (Ash-Shams – The Sun 91:1) or ‘Sabbih isma Rabbi ka-l-A’la’ (Al-A’la – The Most High 87:1) or the like."

Good Manners and Form (Al-Adab) – Sahih Bukhari: Volume 8, Book 73, Number 127